#8: Alkaline Cements and Concretes, Properties of Geopolymer cements

1rst International Conference on Alkaline Cements and Concretes
KIEV Ukraine, 1994
by Joseph Davidovits
published in the Proceedings, pp. 131-149

Geopolymer cement, high-alkali (K-Ca)-Poly(sialate-siloxo) cement, results from an inorganic polycondensation reaction, a so-called geopolymerisation yielding three dimensional zeolitic frameworks. High-tech Geopolymer K-Poly(sialate-siloxo) binders, whether used pure, with fillers or reinforced, are already finding applications in all fields of industry. These applications are to be found in the automobile and aeronautic industries, non-ferrous foundries and metallurgy, civil engineering, plastics industries, etc. Geopolymer cement hardens rapidly at room temperature and provides compressive strengths in the range of 20 MPa, after only 4 hours at 20°C, when tested in accordance with the standards applied to hydraulic binder mortars. The final 28-day compression strength is in the range of 70-100 MPa. The behaviour of geopolymeric cements is similar to that of zeolites and feldspathoids; they immobilize hazardous materials within the geopolymeric matrix, and act as a binder to convert semi-solid wastes into adhesive solids. Their unique properties which include high early strength, low shrinkage, freeze-thaw resistance, sulphate resistance and corrosion resistance, make them ideal for long term containment in surface disposal facilities. These high-alkali cements do not generate any Alkali-Aggregate-Reaction. Preliminary study involving 27 Al and 29 Si MASNMR spectroscopy and the proposed structural model, reveal that geopolymeric cements are the synthetic analogues of natural tecto-alumino-silicates.

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